These are the sources and citations used to research ethnic groups in the CJS. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Journal

    Aziz, S. F.

    Sticks and Stones, The Words That Hurt: Entrenched Stereotypes Eight Years after 9/11

    2009 - CUNY Law Review

    In-text: (Aziz 33)

    Your Bibliography: Aziz, Sahar F. "Sticks And Stones, The Words That Hurt: Entrenched Stereotypes Eight Years After 9/11." CUNY Law Review 13.1 (2009): 33. Web.

  • Book

    Bowling, B. and Phillips, C.

    Racism, crime and justice

    2002 - Longman - Harlow

    In-text: (Bowling and Phillips)

    Your Bibliography: Bowling, Benjamin, and Coretta Phillips. Racism, Crime And Justice. Harlow: Longman, 2002. Print.

  • Book

    Bucerius, S. M. and Tonry, M. H.

    The Oxford handbook of ethnicity, crime, and immigration

    2014

    In-text: (Bucerius and Tonry)

    Your Bibliography: Bucerius, Sandra M, and Michael H Tonry. The Oxford Handbook Of Ethnicity, Crime, And Immigration. 2014. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    GOV.UK

    Prosecutions and convictions

    2018

    In-text: (GOV.UK)

    Your Bibliography: GOV.UK. Prosecutions And Convictions. 2018. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Home Office

    Operation of police powers under the Terrorism Act 2000 and subsequent legislation: Arrests, outcomes, and stop and search Great Britain, year ending December 2019

    2019

    In-text: (Home Office)

    Your Bibliography: Home Office. Operation Of Police Powers Under The Terrorism Act 2000 And Subsequent Legislation: Arrests, Outcomes, And Stop And Search Great Britain, Year Ending December 2019. 2019. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Home office

    Stop and search

    2017

    In-text: (Home office)

    Your Bibliography: Home office. Stop And Search. 2017. Print.

  • Book

    Hood, R. G. and Cordovil, G.

    Race and sentencing

    1992 - Clarendon Press - Oxford

    In-text: (Hood and Cordovil)

    Your Bibliography: Hood, Roger G, and Graça Cordovil. Race And Sentencing. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992. Print.

  • Journal

    Hudson, B.

    Discrimination and disparity: The influence of race on sentencing

    1989 - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

    In-text: (Hudson 23-34)

    Your Bibliography: Hudson, Barbara. "Discrimination And Disparity: The Influence Of Race On Sentencing." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 16.1 (1989): 23-34. Web.

  • Journal

    Kalunta-Crumpton, A.

    The Influence of Race and Unemployment upon Prosecution in Drug Trafficking Trials

    1996 - Probation Journal

    In-text: (Kalunta-Crumpton 182-186)

    Your Bibliography: Kalunta-Crumpton, A. "The Influence Of Race And Unemployment Upon Prosecution In Drug Trafficking Trials." Probation Journal 43.4 (1996): 182-186. Web.

  • Journal

    Lammy, D.

    The Lammy review: An independent review into the treatment of, and outcomes for, Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic individuals in the Criminal Justice System.

    2017 - London: Lammy Review.

    In-text: (Lammy)

    Your Bibliography: Lammy, D. "The Lammy Review: An Independent Review Into The Treatment Of, And Outcomes For, Black, Asian And Minority Ethnic Individuals In The Criminal Justice System.." London: Lammy Review. (2017): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Lea, J.

    Police Racism: Some Theories and Their Policy Implications

    1987 - London: Sage

    In-text: (Lea)

    Your Bibliography: Lea, J. "Police Racism: Some Theories And Their Policy Implications." London: Sage (1987): n. pag. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Ministry of Justice

    Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic disproportionality in the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales

    2016

    In-text: (Ministry of Justice)

    Your Bibliography: Ministry of Justice. Black, Asian And Minority Ethnic Disproportionality In The Criminal Justice System In England And Wales. 2016. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Ministry of Justice

    Ministry of Justice Annual Report and Accounts 2017-18

    2017

    In-text: (Ministry of Justice)

    Your Bibliography: Ministry of Justice. Ministry Of Justice Annual Report And Accounts 2017-18. 2017. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Ministry of Justice

    Statistics on Race and the Criminal Justice System 2018

    2018

    In-text: (Ministry of Justice)

    Your Bibliography: Ministry of Justice. Statistics On Race And The Criminal Justice System 2018. 2018. Print.

  • Book

    Neugebauer, R.

    Criminal injustice

    2000 - Canadian scholars' Press - Toronto

    In-text: (Neugebauer)

    Your Bibliography: Neugebauer, Robynne. Criminal Injustice. Toronto: Canadian scholars' Press, 2000. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Office for National Statistics

    Crime Survey for England and Wales, year ending March 2019

    2019

    In-text: (Office for National Statistics)

    Your Bibliography: Office for National Statistics. Crime Survey For England And Wales, Year Ending March 2019. 2019. Print.

  • Journal

    Phillips, C. and Brown, D.

    Entry into the criminal justice system: A survey of police arrests and their outcomes

    1998 - London: Home Office

    In-text: (Phillips and Brown)

    Your Bibliography: Phillips, C, and D Brown. "Entry Into The Criminal Justice System: A Survey Of Police Arrests And Their Outcomes." London: Home Office (1998): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Prins, H.

    Report of the committee of inquiry into the death in Broadmoor Hospital of Orville Blackwood and a review of the deaths of two other Afro-Caribbean patients

    1999 - London: special hosptials health service authority

    In-text: (Prins)

    Your Bibliography: Prins, H. "Report Of The Committee Of Inquiry Into The Death In Broadmoor Hospital Of Orville Blackwood And A Review Of The Deaths Of Two Other Afro-Caribbean Patients." London: special hosptials health service authority (1999): n. pag. Print.

  • Govt. publication

    Prison reform trust

    Prison: the facts

    2019

    In-text: (Prison reform trust)

    Your Bibliography: Prison reform trust. Prison: The Facts. 2019. Print.

  • Website

    Prosecutions and convictions

    2020

    In-text: ("Prosecutions And Convictions")

    Your Bibliography: "Prosecutions And Convictions." Ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk. N.p., 2020. Web. 4 Mar. 2020.

  • Book

    Shepherd, B.

    The Lammy Review: Treatment of and outcomes for BAME adults and young people in the CJS

    2017 - Probation Journal

    In-text: (Shepherd)

    Your Bibliography: Shepherd, Becky. The Lammy Review: Treatment Of And Outcomes For BAME Adults And Young People In The CJS. Probation Journal, 2017. Print.

  • Journal

    WALKER, M. A.

    THE COURT DISPOSAL AND REMANDS OF WHITE, AFRO-CARIBBEAN, AND ASIAN MEN (LONDON, 1983)

    1989 - The British Journal of Criminology

    In-text: (WALKER 353-367)

    Your Bibliography: WALKER, MONICA A. "THE COURT DISPOSAL AND REMANDS OF WHITE, AFRO-CARIBBEAN, AND ASIAN MEN (LONDON, 1983)." The British Journal of Criminology 29.4 (1989): 353-367. Web.

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