These are the sources and citations used to research Evaluate, compare and contrast retribution and deterrence as justifications for punishment. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Website

    Crimes of the century

    In-text: ("Crimes Of The Century")

    Your Bibliography: "Crimes Of The Century." UK Parliament. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.

  • Journal

    Gerber, M. M. and Jackson, J.

    Retribution as Revenge and Retribution as Just Deserts

    2013 - Soc Just Res

    In-text: (Gerber and Jackson 61-80)

    Your Bibliography: Gerber, Monica M., and Jonathan Jackson. "Retribution As Revenge And Retribution As Just Deserts." Soc Just Res 26.1 (2013): 61-80. Web.

  • Journal

    JACOBS, B. A.


    2010 - Criminology

    In-text: (JACOBS 417-441)

    Your Bibliography: JACOBS, BRUCE A. "DETERRENCE AND DETERRABILITY*." Criminology 48.2 (2010): 417-441. Web.

  • Journal

    Minor, W. and Harry, J.

    Deterrent and Experiential Effects in Perceptual Deterrence Research: a Replication and Extension

    1982 - Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

    In-text: (Minor and Harry 190-203)

    Your Bibliography: Minor, W.W., and J. Harry. "Deterrent And Experiential Effects In Perceptual Deterrence Research: A Replication And Extension." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 19.2 (1982): 190-203. Web.

  • Journal

    SHERMAN, L. W.

    Defiance, Deterrence, and Irrelevance: A Theory of the Criminal Sanction

    1993 - Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

    In-text: (SHERMAN 445-473)

    Your Bibliography: SHERMAN, L. W. "Defiance, Deterrence, And Irrelevance: A Theory Of The Criminal Sanction." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 30.4 (1993): 445-473. Web.

  • Book

    Smart, J. J. C. and Williams, B.


    1973 - University Press - Cambridge [England]

    In-text: (Smart and Williams)

    Your Bibliography: Smart, J. J. C, and Bernard Williams. Utilitarianism. Cambridge [England]: University Press, 1973. Print.

  • Book

    Sutherland, E. H., Cressey, D. R. and Luckenbill, D. F.


    1992 - Rowman and Littlefield - Lanham

    In-text: (Sutherland, Cressey and Luckenbill)

    Your Bibliography: Sutherland, Edwin H., Donald R. Cressey, and David F. Luckenbill. Criminology. 11th ed. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1992. Print.

  • Book

    Vito, G. F., Maahs, J. R. and Holmes, R. M.

    Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy

    2005 - Jones & Bartlett Publishers - Sudbury

    In-text: (Vito, Maahs and Holmes 56-66)

    Your Bibliography: Vito, Gennaro F., Jeffrey R. Maahs, and Ronald M. Holmes. Criminology: Theory, Research, And Policy. 2nd ed. Sudbury: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2005. Print.

  • Journal

    Wood, P. B.

    Exploring the Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Adult Offenders

    2007 - American Journal of Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Wood 8-22)

    Your Bibliography: Wood, Peter B. "Exploring The Positive Punishment Effect Among Incarcerated Adult Offenders." American Journal of Criminal Justice 31.2 (2007): 8-22. Web.

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