These are the sources and citations used to research After ensuring that the patient is alert and oriented to 3 spheres, the nurse must first try helping the patient relax if he or she is anxious. To ensure this, the nurse will use positive reinforcement and remain with the patient while explaining all interventions. Secondly we will install the patient in either a semi-fowler or high-fowler position to promote maximum lung expansion in a patient who has dyspnea. The patient will also be told to stay in bed to reduce oxygen consumption. Vitals signs (Respirations, heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, capillary return and oral temperature) will be done to monitor changes in the patient. Depending on the oxygen saturation, the nurse will administer oxygen at 2 liters a minute or less. The nurse may also increase Oxygen administration as per the physician’s orders (via mask or nasal prongs). While summing up the patient’s respiratory status, the nurse will assess the rhythm and amplitude of chest expansion while auscultating the lungs (assessing for signs or symptoms of pulmonary edema). From an objective point, the nurse will observe if there is use of accessory muscles, orthopnea, changes in the patient’s color (pallor or cyanotic), coughing and presence of sputum (Texture, presence of blood color and amount). An intravenous catheter will have to be installed for facilitated administration of medications during the acute phase. Bloods will be drawn in accordance to the physician’s orders (Blood gases, CBC, cardiac enzymes, BNP, LFTs, electrolytes, etc.). This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Lewis, S. M., Barry, M., Goldsworthy, S. and Goodridge, D.

    Medical-surgical nursing in Canada

    2009 - Mosby Elsevier Canada - Toronto

    In-text: (Lewis et al.)

    Your Bibliography: Lewis, Sharon Mantik et al. Medical-Surgical Nursing In Canada. Toronto: Mosby Elsevier Canada, 2009. Print.

  • Book

    Lewis, S. M., Barry, M., Goldsworthy, S. and Goodridge, D.

    Medical-surgical nursing in Canada

    2009 - Mosby Elsevier Canada - Toronto

    In-text: (Lewis et al.)

    Your Bibliography: Lewis, Sharon Mantik et al. Medical-Surgical Nursing In Canada. Toronto: Mosby Elsevier Canada, 2009. Print.

  • Book

    Lewis, S. M., Barry, M., Goldsworthy, S. and Goodridge, D.

    Medical-surgical nursing in Canada

    2009 - Mosby Elsevier Canada - Toronto

    In-text: (Lewis et al.)

    Your Bibliography: Lewis, Sharon Mantik et al. Medical-Surgical Nursing In Canada. Toronto: Mosby Elsevier Canada, 2009. Print.

  • Book

    Lewis, S. M., Barry, M., Goldsworthy, S. and Goodridge, D.

    Medical-surgical nursing in Canada

    2009 - Mosby Elsevier Canada - Toronto

    In-text: (Lewis et al.)

    Your Bibliography: Lewis, Sharon Mantik et al. Medical-Surgical Nursing In Canada. Toronto: Mosby Elsevier Canada, 2009. Print.

  • E-book or PDF

    O'donovan, K.

    Nursing care of acute and chronic heart failure

    2011

    In-text: (O'donovan 33-35)

    Your Bibliography: O'donovan, Kate. Nursing Care Of Acute And Chronic Heart Failure. 1st ed. 2011. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.

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