These are the sources and citations used to research Extended Essay. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Website

    Blair, E.

    NPR Choice page

    2012

    "In the late 1930s, Pellison says, Meeropol "was very disturbed at the continuation of racism in America, and seeing a photograph of a lynching sort of put him over the edge."

    In-text: (Blair)

    Your Bibliography: Blair, Elizabeth. "NPR Choice Page." Npr.org. N.p., 2012. Web. 14 Apr. 2019.

  • Website

    Brooks, T.

    George W. Johnson, the First Black Recording Star » Television and Record Industry History Resources

    2019

    Johnson first recorded his two specialties in the spring of 1890 for the Metropolitan Phonograph Company of New York

    In-text: (Brooks)

    Your Bibliography: Brooks, Tim. "George W. Johnson, The First Black Recording Star » Television And Record Industry History Resources." Timbrooks.net. N.p., 2019. Web. 9 Apr. 2019.

  • Book

    Holt, F.

    Genre in Popular Music

    2009 - University of Chicago Press - Chicago

    “Rock immediately reached a mass audience and affected many music cultures, culturally, financially, or both. Perhaps no other music has had such a central and powerful role in transforming contemporary society and its cultural hierarchies.”

    In-text: (Holt 83)

    Your Bibliography: Holt, Fabian. Genre In Popular Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.

  • Book

    Holt, F.

    Genre in Popular Music

    2009 - University of Chicago Press - Chicago

    “Jazz People payed little attention to rock and roll in the 50’s. The two moved along rather separate paths”

    In-text: (Holt 83)

    Your Bibliography: Holt, Fabian. Genre In Popular Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.

  • Book

    Holt, F.

    Genre in Popular Music

    2009 - University of Chicago Press - Chicago

    "There is no evidence that rock and roll affected jazz in any substantial way in the 1950s."

    In-text: (Holt 99)

    Your Bibliography: Holt, Fabian. Genre In Popular Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.

  • Interview

    Oyewele, A.

    The Revolution Will Not Be Televised

    2003

    “In the second half of the 1960’s the attitude in Harlem was revolutionary. It was about trying to make change, raising the consciousness and it was cool to be black and proud”

    In-text: (Oyewele)

    Your Bibliography: Oyewele, Abiodun. The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. 2003. TV.

  • Website

    Pearson, T.

    1920s Music History including Twenties Styles, Bands And Artists

    2019

    "accepted moral standards, youth culture, and race relations."

    In-text: (Pearson)

    Your Bibliography: Pearson, The. "1920S Music History Including Twenties Styles, Bands And Artists." Thepeoplehistory.com. N.p., 2019. Web. 12 Apr. 2019.

  • Book

    Peterson, R. A.

    Why 1955?

    1990

    In the early 1950s, the music industry was blind to the large and growing unsatiated demand for greater variety in music and deaf to the efforts of musicians that might have satisfied that demand. The music industry was financially as well as aesthetically committed to the big band-crooner stay of popular music of the time, and, because of its oligopolistic control of the production, distribution and marketing of new music, was able to thwart the marketing of alternative styles." "The arrival of cheap transistor radios and the development of the Top 40 radio-as-jukebox format mean that a much larger number and far wider range of music was exposed to the audience. Using the new durable 45 rpm records, and taking advantage of the developing network of independent record distributors, numerous independent record companies experimented with a wide range of new sounds in an effort to tap the unsatiated market demand.

    In-text: (Peterson 9, 97-116)

    Your Bibliography: Peterson, R. A. Why 1955?. 1990. Print.

  • Website

    ROBISON, J.

    Decades of Drug Use: Data From the '60s and '70s

    2002

    "Drugs became glamorous, without becoming better understood." "The ranks of those who had tried illegal drugs grew"

    In-text: (ROBISON)

    Your Bibliography: ROBISON, JENNIFER. "Decades Of Drug Use: Data From The '60S And '70S." Gallup.com. N.p., 2002. Web. 16 Apr. 2019.

  • Website

    Schwark, M.

    Gil Scott-Heron, The Godfather Of Rap

    2015

    "His 1970 album Small Talk preceded rap by nearly a decade, and paved the way for modern artists like Kanye West and Kendrick Lamar." "Chuck D of Public Enemy deemed Scott-Heron ‘the manifestation of the modern world."

    In-text: (Schwark)

    Your Bibliography: Schwark, Mckenzie. "Gil Scott-Heron, The Godfather Of Rap." Culture Trip. N.p., 2015. Web. 16 Apr. 2019.

  • Music or recording

    Scott-Heron, G.

    The Revolution Will Not Be Televised

    1971

    “There will be no slow motion or still life of Roy Wilkens strolling through Watts in a red, black and green liberation jumpsuit that he had been saving for just the proper occasion”

    In-text: (Scott-Heron)

    Your Bibliography: Scott-Heron, Gil. The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. 1971. Audio Recording.

  • Dissertation

    Steinfeld, S.

    The Social Significance of Blues Music

    2016

    "Blues music represented the opposing voice that refused to be silenced by oppression and segregation."

    In-text: (Steinfeld)

    Your Bibliography: Steinfeld, Susanna. "The Social Significance Of Blues Music." Postgraduate: Politics, Philosophy and Economics. The Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali, 2016. Print.

  • Dissertation

    Steinfeld, S.

    The Social Significance of Blues Music

    2015

    "It is in a way a spiritual escape to a given social situation which cannot be physically overcome. This feeling is also conveyed through the inexactness of the Blues sound, the sliding between notes from minor and major scales, and the use of noise elements."

    In-text: (Steinfeld)

    Your Bibliography: Steinfeld, Susanna. "The Social Significance Of Blues Music." Post Graduate: Politics, Philosophy and Economics. The Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali, 2015. Print.

  • Book

    Yannow, S.

    Jazz A Regional Exploration

    2005 - Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc - Westport

    "The breakthrough year for jazz was 1923"

    In-text: (Yannow 18)

    Your Bibliography: Yannow, Scott. Jazz A Regional Exploration. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc, 2005. Print.

  • Book

    Yanow, S.

    Jazz

    2005 - Greenwood Press - Westport, Conn.

    "These "Field Holler's" had the two ingredient's that would become vital to jazz: improvisation (as new lyrics were constantly being invented) and the feeling of the blues.

    In-text: (Yanow XXV)

    Your Bibliography: Yanow, Scott. Jazz. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005. Print.

  • Book

    Yanow, S.

    Jazz

    2005 - Greenwood Press - Westport, Conn.

    "Although slaves where not allowed to play instruments, they were permitted to sing while engaged in fieldwork, particularly when it was realised that the expression of emotions increased their productivity"

    In-text: (Yanow xxv)

    Your Bibliography: Yanow, Scott. Jazz. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005. Print.

  • Book

    Yanow, S.

    Jazz

    2005 - Greenwood Press - Westport, Conn.

    The exodus of thousands of African Americans from the So the to Chicago and other northern cities

    In-text: (Yanow 15)

    Your Bibliography: Yanow, Scott. Jazz. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005. Print.

  • Website

    ZAX, D.

    How The Rapper Common Got (Even More) Political

    2016

    "as a native of Chicago’s South Side, he prided himself on his efforts to reduce gun violence in that community."

    In-text: (ZAX)

    Your Bibliography: ZAX, DAVID. "How The Rapper Common Got (Even More) Political." Fast Company. N.p., 2016. Web. 17 Apr. 2019.

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