These are the sources and citations used to research Ultrasound 1st timester obstetric. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on
In-text: (Abramowicz et al. 1076-1079)
Your Bibliography: Abramowicz, Jacques S. et al. "Guidelines For Cleaning Transvaginal Ultrasound Transducers Between Patients." Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 43.5 (2017): 1076-1079. Web. 15 Mar. 2020.
In-text: (Acharya et al. 390-394)
Your Bibliography: Acharya, Ganesh et al. "Role Of Routine Ultrasonography In Monitoring The Outcome Of Medical Abortion In A Clinical Setting." Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 83.4 (2004): 390-394. Web.
TV + higher spatial resolution (5-7.5MHz transducer) - limited maneuverability -full bladder decrease visualisation and can increase reverberation artifact and displace uterus - recommended for empty bladder TA + full bladder displace bowel, easier to visualise uterus bowel contains gas that can scatter ultrasound energy and block view. - lower spatial resolution (3-5 MHz transducer) + greater transducer maneuverability
In-text: (Affliates Risk Management Services, Inc. and The Planned Parenthood Consortium of Abortion Providers)
Your Bibliography: Affliates Risk Management Services, Inc., and The Planned Parenthood Consortium of Abortion Providers. Ultrasound In Abortion Care Workbook. Affiliates Risk Management Services, Inc., 2007. Print.
Your Bibliography: BMUS. "STATEMENT ON PATIENT INFORMATION AND INFORMED CONSENT." bmus.org. N.p., 2020. Web. 15 Mar. 2020.
Your Bibliography: BPAS. Infection Prevention Policy. Stratford-Upon-Avon: British Pregnancy Advisory Service, 2018. Print.
Your Bibliography: BPAS. Ultrasound Policy. Stratford-Upon-Avon: British Pregnancy Advisory Service., 2018. Print.
In-text: (Chudleigh and Thilaganathan)
Your Bibliography: Chudleigh, Trish, and Basky Thilaganathan. Obstetric Ultrasound. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2004. Print.
""trimester? CRL measurements can be carried out transabdominally or transvaginally. A midline sagittal section of the whole embryo or fetus should be obtained, ideally with the embryo or fetus oriented horizontally on the screen. An image should be magnified sufficiently to fill most of the width of the ultrasound screen, so that the measurement line between crown and rump is at about 90◦ to the ultrasound beam37,38. Electronic linear calipers should be used to measure the fetus in a neutral position (i.e. neither flexed nor hyperextended). The end points of crown and rump should be defined clearly. Care must be taken to avoid inclusion of structures such as the yolk sac. In order to ensure that the fetus is not flexed, amniotic fluid should be visible between the fetal chin and chest (Figure 1). However, this may be difficult to achieve at earlier ges- tations (around 6–9 weeks) when the embryo is typically hyperflexed. In this situation, the actual measurement rep- resents the neck–rump length, but it is still termed the CRL. In very early gestations it is not usually possible to distinguish between the cephalic and caudal ends and a greatest length measurement is taken instead.""
In-text: (ISUOG 102-113)
Your Bibliography: ISUOG. "ISUOG Practice Guidelines: Performance Of First-Trimester Fetal Ultrasound Scan." Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 41.1 (2013): 102-113. Web.
In-text: (Lohr, Reeves and Creinin 240-244)
Your Bibliography: Lohr, Patricia A., Matthew F. Reeves, and Mitchell D. Creinin. "A Comparison Of Transabdominal And Transvaginal Ultrasonography For Determination Of Gestational Age And Clinical Outcomes In Women Undergoing Early Medical Abortion." Contraception 81.3 (2010): 240-244. Web.
transvaginal better for exclusion of ectopic and organs and fine structures seen better TV better image quality
In-text: (Mendelson et al. 321-324)
Your Bibliography: Mendelson, E B et al. "Gynecologic Imaging: Comparison Of Transabdominal And Transvaginal Sonography.." Radiology 166.2 (1988): 321-324. Web.
In-text: (Nyhsen et al. 523-535)
Your Bibliography: Nyhsen, Christiane M. et al. "Infection Prevention And Control In Ultrasound - Best Practice Recommendations From The European Society Of Radiology Ultrasound Working Group." Insights into Imaging 8.6 (2017): 523-535. Web. 15 Mar. 2020.
In-text: (The Society & College of Radiographers and British Medical Ultrasound Society)
Your Bibliography: The Society & College of Radiographers, and British Medical Ultrasound Society. Guidelines For Professional Ultrasound Practice Revision 4. Society and College of Radiographers and British Medical Ultrasound Society, 2019. Web. 15 Mar. 2020.
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