These are the sources and citations used to research Washback. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Hughes, A.

    Testing for language teachers

    2002 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge

    In-text: (Hughes)

    Your Bibliography: Hughes, Arthur. Testing For Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Print.

  • Journal

    Hughes, A.

    Testing for Language Teachers


    In-text: (Hughes)

    Your Bibliography: Hughes, Arthur. "Testing For Language Teachers." (2002): n. pag. Web. 19 Jan. 2020.

  • Journal

    Messick, S.


    1996 - ETS Research Report Series

    In-text: (Messick i-18)

    Your Bibliography: Messick, Samuel. "VALIDITY AND WASHBACK IN LANGUAGE TESTING." ETS Research Report Series 1996.1 (1996): i-18. Web. 19 Jan. 2020.

  • Book

    Popham, W. J.

    Modern educational measurement

    2000 - Allyn and Bacon - Boston

    In-text: (Popham)

    Your Bibliography: Popham, W. James. Modern Educational Measurement. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2000. Print.

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