These are the sources and citations used to research Waterbirds. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Journal

    Antos, M. J., Ehmke, G. C., Tzaros, C. L. and Weston, M. A.

    Unauthorised human use of an urban coastal wetland sanctuary: Current and future patterns

    2007 - Landscape and Urban Planning

    In-text: (Antos et al. 173-183)

    Your Bibliography: Antos, Mark J. et al. "Unauthorised Human Use Of An Urban Coastal Wetland Sanctuary: Current And Future Patterns." Landscape and Urban Planning 80.1-2 (2007): 173-183. Web.

  • Website

    Baudains, T. P. and Lloyd, P.

    Habituation and habitat changes can moderate the impacts of human disturbance on shorebird breeding performance


    In-text: (Baudains and Lloyd)

    Your Bibliography: Baudains, T. P., and P. Lloyd. "Habituation And Habitat Changes Can Moderate The Impacts Of Human Disturbance On Shorebird Breeding Performance." N.p., 2019. Print.

  • Journal

    Bernard, G. E., van Dongen, W. F., Guay, P., Symonds, M. R., Robinson, R. W. and Weston, M. A.

    Bicycles evoke longer flight-initiation distances and higher intensity escape behaviour of some birds in parks compared with pedestrians

    2018 - Landscape and Urban Planning

    In-text: (Bernard et al. 276-280)

    Your Bibliography: Bernard, Guillaume E. et al. "Bicycles Evoke Longer Flight-Initiation Distances And Higher Intensity Escape Behaviour Of Some Birds In Parks Compared With Pedestrians." Landscape and Urban Planning 178 (2018): 276-280. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Journal

    Bjørvik, L. M., Dale, S., Hermansen, G. H., Munishi, P. K. T. and Moe, S. R.

    Bird flight initiation distances in relation to distance from human settlements in a Tanzanian floodplain habitat

    2014 - Journal of Ornithology

    In-text: (Bjørvik et al. 239-246)

    Your Bibliography: Bjørvik, Linn M. et al. "Bird Flight Initiation Distances In Relation To Distance From Human Settlements In A Tanzanian Floodplain Habitat." Journal of Ornithology 156.1 (2014): 239-246. Web.

  • Journal

    Blumstein, D. T.

    Developing an evolutionary ecology of fear: how life history and natural history traits affect disturbance tolerance in birds

    2006 - Animal Behaviour

    In-text: (Blumstein 389-399)

    Your Bibliography: Blumstein, Daniel T. "Developing An Evolutionary Ecology Of Fear: How Life History And Natural History Traits Affect Disturbance Tolerance In Birds." Animal Behaviour 71.2 (2006): 389-399. Web.

  • Journal

    Blumstein, D. T.

    Flight-Initiation Distance in Birds Is Dependent on Intruder Starting Distance

    2003 - The Journal of Wildlife Management

    In-text: (Blumstein 852)

    Your Bibliography: Blumstein, Daniel T. "Flight-Initiation Distance In Birds Is Dependent On Intruder Starting Distance." The Journal of Wildlife Management 67.4 (2003): 852. Web.

  • Journal

    Blumstein, D. T.

    Flight-Initiation Distance in Birds Is Dependent on Intruder Starting Distance

    2003 - The Journal of Wildlife Management

    In-text: (Blumstein 852)

    Your Bibliography: Blumstein, Daniel T. "Flight-Initiation Distance In Birds Is Dependent On Intruder Starting Distance." The Journal of Wildlife Management 67.4 (2003): 852. Web.

  • Journal

    Bonier, F., Martin, P. R. and Wingfield, J. C.

    Urban birds have broader environmental tolerance

    2007 - Biology Letters

    In-text: (Bonier, Martin and Wingfield 670-673)

    Your Bibliography: Bonier, Frances, Paul R Martin, and John C Wingfield. "Urban Birds Have Broader Environmental Tolerance." Biology Letters 3.6 (2007): 670-673. Web.

  • Journal

    Boyle, S. and Samson, F.

    Effects of Nonconsumptive Recreation on Wildlife

    1985 - Wildlife Society Bulletin

    In-text: (Boyle and Samson 110-116)

    Your Bibliography: Boyle, Stephen, and Fred Samson. "Effects Of Nonconsumptive Recreation On Wildlife." Wildlife Society Bulletin 13.2 (1985): 110-116. Print.

  • Website

    Burger, J. and Gochfeld, M.

    Behavioural responses to human intruders of herring gulls () and great black-backed gulls () with varying exposure to human disturbance


    In-text: (Burger and Gochfeld)

    Your Bibliography: Burger, Joanna, and Michael Gochfeld. "Behavioural Responses To Human Intruders Of Herring Gulls () And Great Black-Backed Gulls () With Varying Exposure To Human Disturbance." N.p., 2019. Print.

  • Journal

    Coetzer, C. and Bouwman, H.

    Waterbird flight initiation distances at Barberspan Bird Sanctuary, South Africa

    2017 - Koedoe

    In-text: (Coetzer and Bouwman)

    Your Bibliography: Coetzer, Carina, and Hindrik Bouwman. "Waterbird Flight Initiation Distances At Barberspan Bird Sanctuary, South Africa." Koedoe 59.1 (2017): n. pag. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Journal

    Ditchkoff, S. S., Saalfeld, S. T. and Gibson, C. J.

    Animal behavior in urban ecosystems: Modifications due to human-induced stress

    2006 - Urban Ecosystems

    In-text: (Ditchkoff, Saalfeld and Gibson 5-12)

    Your Bibliography: Ditchkoff, Stephen S., Sarah T. Saalfeld, and Charles J. Gibson. "Animal Behavior In Urban Ecosystems: Modifications Due To Human-Induced Stress." Urban Ecosystems 9.1 (2006): 5-12. Web.

  • Journal

    Garaffa, P. I., Filloy, J. and Bellocq, M. I.

    Bird community responses along urban–rural gradients: Does the size of the urbanized area matter?

    2009 - Landscape and Urban Planning

    In-text: (Garaffa, Filloy and Bellocq 33-41)

    Your Bibliography: Garaffa, Pablo I., Julieta Filloy, and M. Isabel Bellocq. "Bird Community Responses Along Urban–Rural Gradients: Does The Size Of The Urbanized Area Matter?." Landscape and Urban Planning 90.1-2 (2009): 33-41. Web.

  • Journal

    Glover, H. K., Weston, M. A., Maguire, G. S., Miller, K. K. and Christie, B. A.

    Towards ecologically meaningful and socially acceptable buffers: Response distances of shorebirds in Victoria, Australia, to human disturbance

    2011 - Landscape and Urban Planning

    In-text: (Glover et al. 326-334)

    Your Bibliography: Glover, Hayley K. et al. "Towards Ecologically Meaningful And Socially Acceptable Buffers: Response Distances Of Shorebirds In Victoria, Australia, To Human Disturbance." Landscape and Urban Planning 103.3-4 (2011): 326-334. Web.

  • Journal

    Glover, H. K., Guay, P. and Weston, M. A.

    Up the creek with a paddle; avian flight distances from canoes versus walkers

    2015 - Wetlands Ecology and Management

    In-text: (Glover, Guay and Weston 775-778)

    Your Bibliography: Glover, Hayley K., Patrick-Jean Guay, and Michael A. Weston. "Up The Creek With A Paddle; Avian Flight Distances From Canoes Versus Walkers." Wetlands Ecology and Management 23.4 (2015): 775-778. Web.

  • Journal

    Holmern, T., Setsaas, T. H., Melis, C., Tufto, J. and Røskaft, E.

    Effects of experimental human approaches on escape behavior in Thomson’s gazelle (Eudorcas thomsonii)

    2016 - Behavioral Ecology

    In-text: (Holmern et al. 1432-1440)

    Your Bibliography: Holmern, Tomas et al. "Effects Of Experimental Human Approaches On Escape Behavior In Thomson’S Gazelle (Eudorcas Thomsonii)." Behavioral Ecology 27.5 (2016): 1432-1440. Web.

  • Website, C.

    Black-winged Stilt | BirdLife Australia


    In-text: (

    Your Bibliography:, Carter. "Black-Winged Stilt | Birdlife Australia." N.p., 2019. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Website, C.

    White-necked Heron | BirdLife Australia


    In-text: (

    Your Bibliography:, Carter. "White-Necked Heron | Birdlife Australia." N.p., 2019. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Journal

    Jorgensen, J. G., Dinan, L. R. and Bomberger Brown, M.

    Flight initiation distances of nesting Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in response to human disturbance

    2016 - Avian Conservation and Ecology

    In-text: (Jorgensen, Dinan and Bomberger Brown)

    Your Bibliography: Jorgensen, Joel G., Lauren R. Dinan, and Mary Bomberger Brown. "Flight Initiation Distances Of Nesting Piping Plovers (Charadrius Melodus) In Response To Human Disturbance." Avian Conservation and Ecology 11.1 (2016): n. pag. Web.

  • Journal

    Kath, J., Maron, M. and Dunn, P. K.

    Interspecific competition and small bird diversity in an urbanizing landscape

    2009 - Landscape and Urban Planning

    In-text: (Kath, Maron and Dunn 72-79)

    Your Bibliography: Kath, Jarrod, Martine Maron, and Peter K. Dunn. "Interspecific Competition And Small Bird Diversity In An Urbanizing Landscape." Landscape and Urban Planning 92.2 (2009): 72-79. Web.

  • Journal

    Klem, D.

    Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting

    2007 - The Condor

    In-text: (Klem 226)

    Your Bibliography: Klem, D. "Ecological Consequences Of Artificial Night Lighting." The Condor 109.1 (2007): 226. Web.

  • Journal

    Lin, T., Coppack, T., Lin, Q., Kulemeyer, C., Schmidt, A., Behm, H. and Luo, T.

    Does avian flight initiation distance indicate tolerance towards urban disturbance?

    2012 - Ecological Indicators

    In-text: (Lin et al. 30-35)

    Your Bibliography: Lin, Tao et al. "Does Avian Flight Initiation Distance Indicate Tolerance Towards Urban Disturbance?." Ecological Indicators 15.1 (2012): 30-35. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Journal

    Martindale, J.

    A Study of Wading Birds in Corner Inlet

    1982 - Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research, Victoria

    In-text: (Martindale)

    Your Bibliography: Martindale, J. "A Study Of Wading Birds In Corner Inlet." Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research, Victoria (1982): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Martini, X., Rivera, M., Hoyte, A., Sétamou, M. and Stelinski, L.

    Effects of Wind, Temperature, and Barometric Pressure on Asian Citrus Psyllid (Hemiptera: Liviidae) flight behavior

    2018 - Journal of Economic Entomology

    In-text: (Martini et al.)

    Your Bibliography: Martini, Xavier et al. "Effects Of Wind, Temperature, And Barometric Pressure On Asian Citrus Psyllid (Hemiptera: Liviidae) Flight Behavior." Journal of Economic Entomology (2018): n. pag. Web.

  • Journal

    Marzluff, J.

    Worldwide urbanization and its effects on birds


    In-text: (Marzluff)

    Your Bibliography: Marzluff, John. "Worldwide Urbanization And Its Effects On Birds." (2001): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Mayer, M., Natusch, D. and Frank, S.

    Water body type and group size affect the flight initiation distance of European waterbirds

    2019 - PLOS ONE

    In-text: (Mayer, Natusch and Frank e0219845)

    Your Bibliography: Mayer, Martin, Daniel Natusch, and Shane Frank. "Water Body Type And Group Size Affect The Flight Initiation Distance Of European Waterbirds." PLOS ONE 14.7 (2019): e0219845. Web.

  • Journal

    Møller, A. and Ibáñez-Álamo, J.

    Escape behaviour of birds provides evidence of predation being involved in urbanization

    2012 - Animal Behaviour

    In-text: (Møller and Ibáñez-Álamo 341-348)

    Your Bibliography: Møller, A.P., and J.D. Ibáñez-Álamo. "Escape Behaviour Of Birds Provides Evidence Of Predation Being Involved In Urbanization." Animal Behaviour 84.2 (2012): 341-348. Web.

  • Journal

    Møller, A. P.

    Flight distance of urban birds, predation, and selection for urban life

    2008 - Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

    In-text: (Møller 63-75)

    Your Bibliography: Møller, Anders Pape. "Flight Distance Of Urban Birds, Predation, And Selection For Urban Life." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63.1 (2008): 63-75. Web.

  • Journal

    Morelli, F., Mikula, P., Benedetti, Y., Bussière, R., Jerzak, L. and Tryjanowski, P.

    Escape behaviour of birds in urban parks and cemeteries across Europe: Evidence of behavioural adaptation to human activity

    2018 - Science of The Total Environment

    In-text: (Morelli et al. 803-810)

    Your Bibliography: Morelli, Federico et al. "Escape Behaviour Of Birds In Urban Parks And Cemeteries Across Europe: Evidence Of Behavioural Adaptation To Human Activity." Science of The Total Environment 631-632 (2018): 803-810. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Journal

    Nisbet, I.

    Disturbance, habituation, and management of waterbird colonies


    In-text: (Nisbet)

    Your Bibliography: Nisbet, I. "Disturbance, Habituation, And Management Of Waterbird Colonies." (2000): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Oke, T.

    City size and the urban heat island

    1973 - Atmospheric Environment (1967)

    In-text: (Oke 769-779)

    Your Bibliography: Oke, T.R. "City Size And The Urban Heat Island." Atmospheric Environment (1967) 7.8 (1973): 769-779. Web.

  • Journal

    Ponchon, A., Aulert, C., Le Guillou, G., Gallien, F., Péron, C. and Grémillet, D.

    Spatial overlaps of foraging and resting areas of black-legged kittiwakes breeding in the English Channel with existing marine protected areas

    2017 - Marine Biology

    In-text: (Ponchon et al.)

    Your Bibliography: Ponchon, Aurore et al. "Spatial Overlaps Of Foraging And Resting Areas Of Black-Legged Kittiwakes Breeding In The English Channel With Existing Marine Protected Areas." Marine Biology 164.5 (2017): n. pag. Web.

  • Website

    Rodgers, J. A. and Smith, H. T.

    Set-Back Distances to Protect Nesting Bird Colonies from Human Disturbance in Florida


    In-text: (Rodgers and Smith)

    Your Bibliography: Rodgers, James A., and Henry T. Smith. "Set-Back Distances To Protect Nesting Bird Colonies From Human Disturbance In Florida." N.p., 2019. Print.

  • Journal

    Stevens, H. C. and Watson, D. M.

    Reduced rainfall explains avian declines in an unfragmented landscape: incremental steps toward an empty forest?

    2013 - Emu - Austral Ornithology

    In-text: (Stevens and Watson 112-121)

    Your Bibliography: Stevens, Helen C., and David M. Watson. "Reduced Rainfall Explains Avian Declines In An Unfragmented Landscape: Incremental Steps Toward An Empty Forest?." Emu - Austral Ornithology 113.2 (2013): 112-121. Web.

  • Website

    Stillman, R. A. and Goss-Custard, J. D.

    Seasonal changes in the response of oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus to human disturbance


    In-text: (Stillman and Goss-Custard)

    Your Bibliography: Stillman, Richard A., and John D. Goss-Custard. "Seasonal Changes In The Response Of Oystercatchers Haematopus Ostralegus To Human Disturbance." N.p., 2019. Print.

  • Website

    The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species


    In-text: ("The IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species")

    Your Bibliography: "The IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species." IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. N.p., 2019. Web. 30 Oct. 2019.

  • Journal

    Weston, M. A., McLeod, E. M., Blumstein, D. T. and Guay, P.

    A review of flight-initiation distances and their application to managing disturbance to Australian birds

    2012 - Emu - Austral Ornithology

    In-text: (Weston et al. 269-286)

    Your Bibliography: Weston, M. A. et al. "A Review Of Flight-Initiation Distances And Their Application To Managing Disturbance To Australian Birds." Emu - Austral Ornithology 112.4 (2012): 269-286. Web.

  • Journal

    Woodland, D. J., Jaafar, Z. and Knight, M.

    The "Pursuit Deterrent" Function of Alarm Signals

    1980 - The American Naturalist

    In-text: (Woodland, Jaafar and Knight 748-753)

    Your Bibliography: Woodland, D. J., Zarinah Jaafar, and Mary-Lou Knight. "The "Pursuit Deterrent" Function Of Alarm Signals." The American Naturalist 115.5 (1980): 748-753. Web.

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