These are the sources and citations used to research Underpinnings of experimental animation. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Beckman, K. R.

    Animating film theory

    2014 - Duke University Press

    In-text: (Beckman)

    Your Bibliography: Beckman, Karen Redrobe. Animating Film Theory. Duke University Press, 2014. Print.

  • Book

    Betancourt, M.

    The history of motion graphics

    2013 - Wildside Press - [Rockville, Md.]

    In-text: (Betancourt)

    Your Bibliography: Betancourt, Michael. The History Of Motion Graphics. [Rockville, Md.]: Wildside Press, 2013. Print.

  • Book

    Canemaker, J.

    Storytelling in animation

    1988 - American Film Institute - Los Angeles, Calif.

    In-text: (Canemaker)

    Your Bibliography: Canemaker, John. Storytelling In Animation. Los Angeles, Calif.: American Film Institute, 1988. Print.

  • Journal

    Carter, V.

    Not only animation

    2003 - The Undercut Reader

    In-text: (Carter 168-170)

    Your Bibliography: Carter, Vanda. "Not Only Animation." The Undercut Reader (2003): 168-170. Print.

  • Journal

    Cawkwell, T.

    Beyond the camera barrier

    2003 - The Undercut Reader

    In-text: (Cawkwell 184-187)

    Your Bibliography: Cawkwell, Tim. "Beyond The Camera Barrier." The Undercut Reader (2003): 184-187. Print.

  • Book

    Danino, N. and Mazière, M.

    The Undercut reader

    2003 - Wallflower Press - London

    In-text: (Danino and Mazière)

    Your Bibliography: Danino, Nina, and Michael Mazière. The Undercut Reader. London: Wallflower Press, 2003. Print.

  • Website

    Dobson, T.

    Norman McLaren: a late, great animator now drawing applause


    In-text: (Dobson)

    Your Bibliography: Dobson, Terence. "Norman Mclaren: A Late, Great Animator Now Drawing Applause." The Conversation. N.p., 2014. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.

  • Book

    Foster, S. C.

    Hans Richter

    1998 - MIT Press - Cambridge, MA

    In-text: (Foster)

    Your Bibliography: Foster, Stephen C. Hans Richter. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998. Print.

  • Book

    Foster, S. C.

    Hans Richter

    1998 - MIT Press - Cambridge, MA

    In-text: (Foster)

    Your Bibliography: Foster, Stephen C. Hans Richter. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998. Print.

  • Journal

    Gardiner, I.

    Oskar Fischinger

    2007 - Music, Sound and the Moving Image

    In-text: (Gardiner 117-118)

    Your Bibliography: Gardiner, Ian. "Oskar Fischinger." Music, Sound and the Moving Image 1.1 (2007): 117-118. Print.

  • Journal

    Gascard, L. D.

    Motion Painting: 'Abstract' Animation as an Art Form

    1983 - Leonardo

    In-text: (Gascard 293)

    Your Bibliography: Gascard, Lorettann Devlin. "Motion Painting: 'Abstract' Animation As An Art Form." Leonardo 16.4 (1983): 293. Web.

  • Newspaper

    Greenberg, C.

    Avant-Garde and Kitsch

    1939 - Partisan Review

    In-text: (Greenberg)

    Your Bibliography: Greenberg, Clement. "Avant-Garde And Kitsch." Partisan Review 1939: n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Hamlyn, N.

    Frameless film

    2003 - The Undercut Reader

    In-text: (Hamlyn 163-167)

    Your Bibliography: Hamlyn, Nicky. "Frameless Film." The Undercut Reader (2003): 163-167. Print.

  • Website

    Hobbs, G.

    �Every Film is a kind of Dance�: The Art of Norman McLaren | Movie Mail UK


    In-text: (Hobbs)

    Your Bibliography: Hobbs, Graeme. "�Every Film Is A Kind Of Dance�: The Art Of Norman Mclaren | Movie Mail UK." N.p., 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.

  • Book

    Leslie, E.

    Hollywood flatlands

    2002 - Verso - London

    In-text: (Leslie)

    Your Bibliography: Leslie, Esther. Hollywood Flatlands. London: Verso, 2002. Print.

  • Book

    Lye, L., Curnow, W. and Horrocks, R.

    Figures of motion

    1984 - Auckland University Press - Auckland

    In-text: (Lye, Curnow and Horrocks)

    Your Bibliography: Lye, Len, Wystan Curnow, and Roger Horrocks. Figures Of Motion. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1984. Print.

  • Journal

    MacDermot, A.

    Norman McLaren: Artist with Film

    1959 - Vie des Arts

    In-text: (MacDermot 18-25)

    Your Bibliography: MacDermot, Anne. "Norman Mclaren: Artist With Film." Vie des Arts 16 (1959): 18-25. Print.

  • Book

    MacDonald, S.

    Avant-garde film

    1993 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge [England]

    In-text: (MacDonald)

    Your Bibliography: MacDonald, Scott. Avant-Garde Film. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Print.

  • Journal

    Moritz, W.

    Some Observations on Non-Objective and Non-Linear Animation

    1988 - Storytelling in Animation: the Art of the Animated Image

    In-text: (Moritz 21-31)

    Your Bibliography: Moritz, William. "Some Observations On Non-Objective And Non-Linear Animation." Storytelling in Animation: the Art of the Animated Image 2 (1988): 21-31. Print.

  • Journal

    Mulvey, L.

    Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema

    1975 - Screen

    In-text: (Mulvey 6-18)

    Your Bibliography: Mulvey, L. "Visual Pleasure And Narrative Cinema." Screen 16.3 (1975): 6-18. Web.

  • Book

    O'Konor, L.

    Viking Eggeling 1880-1925

    1971 - Almqvist & Wiksell - Stockholm

    In-text: (O'Konor)

    Your Bibliography: O'Konor, Louise. Viking Eggeling 1880-1925. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1971. Print.

  • Website

    Random House Inc

    the definition of avant-garde


    In-text: (Random House Inc)

    Your Bibliography: Random House Inc. "The Definition Of Avant-Garde." Unabridged. N.p., 2015. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.

  • Book

    Rickey, G.

    Constructivism; origins and evolution

    1967 - G. Braziller - New York

    In-text: (Rickey)

    Your Bibliography: Rickey, George. Constructivism; Origins And Evolution. New York: G. Braziller, 1967. Print.

  • Website

    Searle, A.

    Oskar Fischinger: the animation wizard who angered Walt Disney and the Nazis


    In-text: (Searle)

    Your Bibliography: Searle, Adrian. "Oskar Fischinger: The Animation Wizard Who Angered Walt Disney And The Nazis." the Guardian. N.p., 2013. Web. 10 Jan. 2015.

  • Website

    Smith, C. H.

    charles hugh smith-What's Avant-Garde Now? Social Innovation


    In-text: (Smith)

    Your Bibliography: Smith, Charless Hugh. "Charles Hugh Smith-What's Avant-Garde Now? Social Innovation." N.p., 2015. Web. 8 Jan. 2015.

  • Journal

    Telotte, J. P.

    Ub Iwerks' (Multi)Plain Cinema

    2006 - Animation

    In-text: (Telotte 9-24)

    Your Bibliography: Telotte, J. P. "Ub Iwerks' (Multi)Plain Cinema." Animation 1.1 (2006): 9-24. Web.

  • Website

    The History of Visual Communication - The Avantgarde


    In-text: ("The History Of Visual Communication - The Avantgarde")

    Your Bibliography: "The History Of Visual Communication - The Avantgarde." N.p., 2015. Web. 8 Jan. 2015.

  • Book

    Wells, P.

    Animation and America

    2002 - Edinburgh University Press - Edinburgh

    In-text: (Wells)

    Your Bibliography: Wells, Paul. Animation And America. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2002. Print.

  • Book

    Wells, P.

    Understanding animation

    1998 - Routledge - London

    In-text: (Wells)

    Your Bibliography: Wells, Paul. Understanding Animation. London: Routledge, 1998. Print.

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