These are the sources and citations used to research Kenyan bead-making as a catalyst for the lifting of cultural stigmas surrounding widowhood. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Website

    About Us – Kazuri

    2020

    In-text: ("About Us – Kazuri")

    Your Bibliography: "About Us – Kazuri." Kazuri.com. N.p., 2020. Web. 27 Apr. 2020.

  • Journal

    Alivizatou, M.

    Intangible Heritage and Erasure: Rethinking Cultural Preservation and Contemporary Museum Practice

    2011 - International Journal of Cultural Property

    In-text: (Alivizatou 37-60)

    Your Bibliography: Alivizatou, Marilena. "Intangible Heritage And Erasure: Rethinking Cultural Preservation And Contemporary Museum Practice." International Journal of Cultural Property 18.1 (2011): 37-60. Web. 9 May 2020.

  • Journal

    Ayikukwei, R., Ngare, D., Sidle, J., Ayuku, D., Baliddawa, J. and Greene, J.

    HIV/AIDS and cultural practices in western Kenya: the impact of sexual cleansing rituals on sexual behaviours

    2008 - Culture, Health & Sexuality

    In-text: (Ayikukwei et al. 587-599)

    Your Bibliography: Ayikukwei, Rose et al. "HIV/AIDS And Cultural Practices In Western Kenya: The Impact Of Sexual Cleansing Rituals On Sexual Behaviours." Culture, Health & Sexuality 10.6 (2008): 587-599. Web. 22 Nov. 2019.

  • Website

    bride, n.1 : Oxford English Dictionary

    2020

    In-text: ("Bride, N.1 : Oxford English Dictionary")

    Your Bibliography: "Bride, N.1 : Oxford English Dictionary." Oed.com. N.p., 2020. Web. 11 May 2020.

  • Book

    Carey, M.

    Beads and beadwork of east and south Africa

    1986 - Shire - Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire

    In-text: (Carey 15-31)

    Your Bibliography: Carey, Margret. Beads And Beadwork Of East And South Africa. Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire: Shire, 1986. Print.

  • Dissertation

    Cattle, M. G.

    Say No to Men: older women empowering themselves in Samia, Kenya

    In-text: (Cattle)

    Your Bibliography: Cattle, Maria G. "Say No To Men: Older Women Empowering Themselves In Samia, Kenya." Bryn Mawr College and Philadelphia Geriatric Center Print.

  • Journal

    Christiaensen, L., Demery, L. and Paternostro, S.

    Macro and Micro Perspectives of Growth and Poverty in Africa

    2003 - The World Bank Economic Review

    In-text: (Christiaensen, Demery and Paternostro 317-347)

    Your Bibliography: Christiaensen, Luc, Lionel Demery, and Stefano Paternostro. "Macro And Micro Perspectives Of Growth And Poverty In Africa." The World Bank Economic Review 17.3 (2003): 317-347. Web.

  • Book

    Clammer, J. and Kumar Giri, A.

    Philosophy and Anthropology : Border Crossing and Transformations

    2013 - Anthem Press

    In-text: (Clammer and Kumar Giri)

    Your Bibliography: Clammer, John, and Ananta Kumar Giri. Philosophy And Anthropology : Border Crossing And Transformations. Anthem Press, 2013. Print.

  • Book

    Cribb, J.

    Food or war

    2019 - Cambridge University Press

    In-text: (Cribb)

    Your Bibliography: Cribb, Julian. Food Or War. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Print.

  • Journal

    Donley-Reid, L. W.

    The Power of Swahili Porcelain, Beads and Pottery

    2008 - Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association

    In-text: (Donley-Reid 47-59)

    Your Bibliography: Donley-Reid, Linda W. "The Power Of Swahili Porcelain, Beads And Pottery." Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 2.1 (2008): 47-59. Web. 23 Jan. 2020.

  • Website

    Donovan, L. and O'Neill, H.

    These Kenyan widows are fighting against sexual 'cleansing'

    2018

    In-text: (Donovan and O'Neill)

    Your Bibliography: Donovan, Louise, and Hannah O'Neill. "These Kenyan Widows Are Fighting Against Sexual 'Cleansing'." Public Radio International. N.p., 2018. Web. 17 Dec. 2019.

  • Report

    European Commission

    The role of culture in preventing and reducing poverty and social exclusion

    2005

    In-text: (European Commission)

    Your Bibliography: European Commission. The Role Of Culture In Preventing And Reducing Poverty And Social Exclusion. 2005. Print. Community Action Programme On Social Exclusion.

  • Website

    Ezer, T.

    Innovating Justice for Widows in Kenya

    2012

    In-text: (Ezer)

    Your Bibliography: Ezer, Tamar. "Innovating Justice For Widows In Kenya." Opensocietyfoundations.org. N.p., 2012. Web. 9 Feb. 2020.

  • Book

    Foucault, M.

    The archaeology of knowledge

    1972 - Pantheon Books - New York

    In-text: (Foucault)

    Your Bibliography: Foucault, Michel. The Archaeology Of Knowledge. New York: Pantheon Books, 1972. Print.

  • Journal

    Frierson, P. R.

    Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy

    2003

    In-text: (Frierson)

    Your Bibliography: Frierson, Patrick R. "Freedom And Anthropology In Kant's Moral Philosophy." (2003): n. pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2020.

  • Journal

    Gabrielsson, S. and Ramasar, V.

    Widows: agents of change in a climate of water uncertainty

    2012 - Journal of Cleaner Production

    In-text: (Gabrielsson and Ramasar 34-42)

    Your Bibliography: Gabrielsson, Sara, and Vasna Ramasar. "Widows: Agents Of Change In A Climate Of Water Uncertainty." Journal of Cleaner Production 60 (2012): 34-42. Print.

  • Journal

    Galichet, M.

    Aesthetics and Colour Among the Maasai and Samburu

    1988 - Kenya Past and Present

    In-text: (Galichet 27-30)

    Your Bibliography: Galichet, Marie-Louise. "Aesthetics And Colour Among The Maasai And Samburu." Kenya Past and Present 20.1 (1988): 27-30. Print.

  • Journal

    Gunga, S. O.

    The politics of Widowhood and Re-Marriage among the Luo of Kenya

    2009 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya

    In-text: (Gunga)

    Your Bibliography: Gunga, Samson O. "The Politics Of Widowhood And Re-Marriage Among The Luo Of Kenya." Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 1.1 (2009): n. pag. Web. 22 Oct. 2019.

  • Newspaper

    Hoggins, T. and Chowdhury, H.

    Silicon Savannah: The rise of Africa's tech scene

    2020 - The Telegraph

    In-text: (Hoggins and Chowdhury)

    Your Bibliography: Hoggins, Tom, and Hasan Chowdhury. "Silicon Savannah: The Rise Of Africa's Tech Scene." The Telegraph 2020. Web. 15 Apr. 2020.

  • Journal

    Holtorf, C.

    The Changing Contribution of Cultural Heritage to Society

    2011 - Museum International

    In-text: (Holtorf 8-16)

    Your Bibliography: Holtorf, Cornelius. "The Changing Contribution Of Cultural Heritage To Society." Museum International 63.1-2 (2011): 8-16. Web. 17 Apr. 2020.

  • Website

    Home : Oxford English Dictionary

    2020

    In-text: ("Home : Oxford English Dictionary")

    Your Bibliography: "Home : Oxford English Dictionary." Oed.com. N.p., 2020. Web. 15 Apr. 2020.

  • Journal

    Irandu *, E. M.

    The role of tourism in the conservation of cultural heritage in Kenya

    2004 - Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research

    In-text: (Irandu * 133-150)

    Your Bibliography: Irandu *, Evaristus M. "The Role Of Tourism In The Conservation Of Cultural Heritage In Kenya." Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 9.2 (2004): 133-150. Web. 9 Apr. 2020.

  • Journal

    Kabiru, A. W.

    Beauty and the bead: Ostrich eggshell beads through prehistory

    2016 - Kenya Past and Present

    In-text: (Kabiru 17-25)

    Your Bibliography: Kabiru, Angela W. "Beauty And The Bead: Ostrich Eggshell Beads Through Prehistory." Kenya Past and Present 43 (2016): 17-25. Print.

  • Journal

    Kassam, A.

    Traditional Ornament: some general observations

    Kenya Past and Present

    In-text: (Kassam)

    Your Bibliography: Kassam, Aneesa. "Traditional Ornament: Some General Observations." Kenya Past and Present n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Korang-Okrah, R. and Haight, W.

    Ghanaian (Akan) women’s experiences of widowhood and property rights violations: An ethnographic inquiry

    2015 - Qualitative Social Work

    In-text: (Korang-Okrah and Haight 224–241)

    Your Bibliography: Korang-Okrah, Rose, and Wendy Haight. "Ghanaian (Akan) Women’S Experiences Of Widowhood And Property Rights Violations: An Ethnographic Inquiry." Qualitative Social Work 14.2 (2015): 224–241. Web. 19 Feb. 2020.

  • Book

    Maathai, W.

    The challenge for Africa

    2010 - Arrow - London

    In-text: (Maathai)

    Your Bibliography: Maathai, Wangari. The Challenge For Africa. London: Arrow, 2010. Print.

  • Journal

    Mann, R.

    The History of Beads in East Africa

    2012 - Kenya Past and Present

    In-text: (Mann)

    Your Bibliography: Mann, Rhodia. "The History Of Beads In East Africa." Kenya Past and Present 40 (2012): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Newman, A. and McLean, F.

    Heritage builds communities: The application of heritage resources to the problems of social exclusion

    1998 - International Journal of Heritage Studies

    In-text: (Newman and McLean 143-153)

    Your Bibliography: Newman, Andrew, and Fiona McLean. "Heritage Builds Communities: The Application Of Heritage Resources To The Problems Of Social Exclusion." International Journal of Heritage Studies 4.3-4 (1998): 143-153. Web. 9 Apr. 2020.

  • Journal

    Nyambura, R.

    Beads and Beadwork in Africa

    2012 - Journal of Education and Social Sciences

    In-text: (Nyambura 33-41)

    Your Bibliography: Nyambura, Ruth. "Beads And Beadwork In Africa." Journal of Education and Social Sciences Vol.1.No.2 (2012): 33-41. Print.

  • Journal

    Nyambura, R.

    The Economic Utility of Beads Culture of the Samburu Tribe of Kenya

    2013 - African Journal of Social Sciences

    In-text: (Nyambura 79-84)

    Your Bibliography: Nyambura, Ruth. "The Economic Utility Of Beads Culture Of The Samburu Tribe Of Kenya." African Journal of Social Sciences 3.4 (2013): 79-84. Web. 22 Jan. 2020.

  • Journal

    Nyangweso, M.

    Religion, Human Rights, and the African Widow

    2017 - Peace Human Rights Governance

    In-text: (Nyangweso 365-391)

    Your Bibliography: Nyangweso, Mary. "Religion, Human Rights, And The African Widow." Peace Human Rights Governance 1.3 (2017): 365-391. Web. 22 Oct. 2019.

  • Blog

    Orwa, R.

    Kenya: education, stigma and widow cleansing

    2019 - LSE

    In-text: (Orwa)

    Your Bibliography: Orwa, Rosaline. "Kenya: Education, Stigma And Widow Cleansing." LSE. N.p., 2019. Web. 17 Dec. 2019.

  • Journal

    Otieno Nyambedha, E.

    Change and Continuity in Kin-Based Support Systems for Widows and Orphans among the Luo in Western Kenya

    2004 - African Sociological Review

    In-text: (Otieno Nyambedha 139-153)

    Your Bibliography: Otieno Nyambedha, Erick. "Change And Continuity In Kin-Based Support Systems For Widows And Orphans Among The Luo In Western Kenya." African Sociological Review 8.1 (2004): 139-153. Print.

  • Website

    Purification rite | anthropology

    2020

    In-text: ("Purification Rite | Anthropology")

    Your Bibliography: "Purification Rite | Anthropology." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., 2020. Web. 29 Apr. 2020.

  • Website

    Rona Foundation – Caring for Widows & Orphans

    2020

    In-text: ("Rona Foundation – Caring For Widows & Orphans")

    Your Bibliography: "Rona Foundation – Caring For Widows & Orphans." Ronafoundation.co.ke. N.p., 2020. Web. 17 Dec. 2019.

  • Book

    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Nietzsche on Morality

    2002 - Taylor & Francis

    In-text: (Routledge Philosophy Guidebook To Nietzsche On Morality)

    Your Bibliography: Routledge Philosophy Guidebook To Nietzsche On Morality. Taylor & Francis, 2002. Print.

  • Report

    The Council of Europe

    The Istanbul Convention

    2011

    In-text: (The Council of Europe)

    Your Bibliography: The Council of Europe. The Istanbul Convention. 2011. Web. 31 Mar. 2020. Council Of Europe Treaty Series - No. 210.

  • Report

    The Loomba Foundation

    World Widows Report

    2016 - The Loomba Foundation - London

    In-text: (The Loomba Foundation)

    Your Bibliography: The Loomba Foundation. World Widows Report. London: The Loomba Foundation, 2016. Print.

  • Website

    The World Bank in Kenya: Overview

    2019

    In-text: ("The World Bank In Kenya: Overview")

    Your Bibliography: "The World Bank In Kenya: Overview." World Bank. N.p., 2019. Web. 15 Apr. 2020.

  • Report

    United Nations

    International Widows’ Day

    2011 - Department of Public Information Strategic Communications Division

    In-text: (United Nations)

    Your Bibliography: United Nations. International Widows’ Day. Department of Public Information Strategic Communications Division, 2011. Print.

  • Report

    United Nations

    Widowhood: invisible women, secluded or excluded

    2001 - Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and Social Affairs - New York

    In-text: (United Nations)

    Your Bibliography: United Nations. Widowhood: Invisible Women, Secluded Or Excluded. New York: Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2001. Web. 19 Mar. 2020.

  • Journal

    Viljoen, J.

    Growing Heritage Tourism and Social Cohesion in South Africa

    2017 - African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure

    In-text: (Viljoen)

    Your Bibliography: Viljoen, Johan. "Growing Heritage Tourism And Social Cohesion In South Africa." African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure 6.4 (2017): n. pag. Print.

  • Journal

    Vuruku, M.

    The Technology of Ostrich Eggshell Bead Production

    1997 - Kenya Past and Present

    In-text: (Vuruku 49-56)

    Your Bibliography: Vuruku, Mandu. "The Technology Of Ostrich Eggshell Bead Production." Kenya Past and Present 29.1 (1997): 49-56. Web. 18 Mar. 2020.

  • Journal

    Wandibba, S.

    Prehistoric Beads in Kenya

    1988 - Kenya Past and Present

    In-text: (Wandibba 17-20)

    Your Bibliography: Wandibba, Simiyu. "Prehistoric Beads In Kenya." Kenya Past and Present 20 (1988): 17-20. Print.

  • Website

    Widow cooking stones for children moves Kenyans

    2020

    In-text: ("Widow Cooking Stones For Children Moves Kenyans")

    Your Bibliography: "Widow Cooking Stones For Children Moves Kenyans." BBC News. N.p., 2020. Web. 7 May 2020.

  • Report

    World Bank

    Voices of the Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us?

    2000 - Oxford University Press for the World Bank - New York

    In-text: (World Bank)

    Your Bibliography: World Bank. Voices Of The Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us?. New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank, 2000. Print.

  • Report

    Yamano, T. and Deininger, K.

    Land Conflicts in Kenya: Causes, Impacts, and Resolutions

    2005 - Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development/ National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, The World Bank

    In-text: (Yamano and Deininger)

    Your Bibliography: Yamano, Takashi, and Klaus Deininger. Land Conflicts In Kenya: Causes, Impacts, And Resolutions. Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development/ National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, The World Bank, 2005. Print.

Click here to start building your own bibliography
Keep on Citing!
Cite This For Me:
The Easiest Tool to Create your Bibliographies Online
Join Us!

Save Time and Improve Your Marks with Cite This For Me

10,587 students joined last month!

  • ✔ Save your bibliographies for longer
  • ✔ Quick and accurate citation program
  • ✔ Save time when referencing
  • ✔ Make your student life easy and fun
  • ✔ Pay only once with our Forever plan
  • ✔ Use plagiarism checker
  • ✔ Create and edit multiple bibliographies
Join