Guide: How to cite a Software in Springer Basic (numeric, brackets) style

Guide: How to cite a Software in Springer Basic (numeric, brackets) style

Cite A Software in Springer Basic (numeric, brackets) style

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Use the following template to cite a software using the Springer Basic (numeric, brackets) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Springer Basic (numeric, brackets) style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Author Surname Author Initial (Year Published) Title. Publisher, City


1. Research Ethics: The Power and Peril of Human Experimentation, 5th ed. 9.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




• 	 Research with human participants is necessary to test new drugs,
interventions, and treatments.
• 	 Scientists conduct research studies involving humans much as they do
other scientific experiments. All experiments are designed to answer a
testable question and often involve control or comparison groups.
• 	 Ethical guidelines govern research with human participants, including the
need for informed consent and a careful weighing of harms and benefi ts. [1]

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