Guide: How to cite a Presentation or lecture in IOP style

Guide: How to cite a Presentation or lecture in IOP style

Cite A Presentation or lecture in IOP style

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Use the following template to cite a presentation or lecture using the IOP citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the IOP style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

[1] Author Surname Author Initial Year Published Title

Example:

[1] Meier M, Caspi A, Ambler A, Harrington H, Houts R, Keefe R, McDonald K, Ward A, Poulton R and Moffitt T 2012 Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 E2657-E2664

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

[1]

Example

Recent reports show that fewer adolescents believe that regular cannabis use is harmful to health. Concomitantly, adolescents are initiating cannabis use at younger ages, and more adolescents are using cannabis on a daily basis. The purpose of the present study was to test the association between persistent cannabis use and neuropsychological decline and determine whether decline is concentrated among adolescent-onset cannabis users. Participants were members of the Dunedin Study, a prospective study of a birth cohort of 1,037 individuals followed from birth (1972/1973) to age 38 y. Cannabis use was ascertained in interviews at ages 18, 21, 26, 32, and 38 y. Neuropsychological testing was conducted at age 13 y, before initiation of cannabis use, and again at age 38 y, after a pattern of persistent cannabis use had developed. Persistent cannabis use was associated with neuropsychological decline broadly across domains of functioning, even after controlling for years of education. Informants also reported noticing more cognitive problems for persistent cannabis users. Impairment was concentrated among adolescent-onset cannabis users, with more persistent use associated with greater decline. Further, cessation of cannabis use did not fully restore neuropsychological functioning among adolescent-onset cannabis users. Findings are suggestive of a neurotoxic effect of cannabis on the adolescent brain and highlight the importance of prevention and policy efforts targeting adolescents. [1]

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