Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in BMJ style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in BMJ style

Cite A E-book or PDF in BMJ style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the BMJ citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the BMJ style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

1 Author Surname Author Initial. Title. City: : Publisher  Year Published. http://Website-Url (accessed Date Accessed).

Example:

1 Gavrilova E, Kamada T, Zoutman F. Is Legal Pot Crippling Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations? The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on US Crime. SSRN Journal doi:10.2139/ssrn.2350101

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

[1]

Example

We examine the effect of medical marijuana laws (MML) on crime treating the introduction of MML as a quasi-experiment and using three different data sources. First, using data from the Uniform Crime Reports, we find that violent crimes such as homicides and robberies decrease in states that border Mexico after MML are introduced. Second, using Supplementary Homicide Reports' data we show that for homicides the decrease is the result of a drop in drug-law, felony and juvenile-gang related homicides, while other homicides remain unaffected. Lastly, using STRIDE data, we show that the introduction of MML in Mexican border states decreases the amount of cocaine seized, while it increases the price of cocaine. Our results survive a large variety of robustness checks. We interpret our results as evidence that decriminalization of small-scale production and distribution of marijuana cripples Mexican drug trafficking organizations, whose revenues are highly reliant on marijuana. The introduction of MML in Mexican border states lead to a decrease in their activity, which resulted in a drop in drug-related violent crime and drug trafficking. Extrapolating, our results indicate that decriminalization of the production and distribution of drugs may lead to a drop in violence in markets where organized crime is pushed out by licit competition. [1]

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